An Electrical Contractor Talks About Electrical Wiring

Choosing the Right Electrical Wire

We’ve all done it. Walk into a building supply store and head for the electrical department to buy some electrical wire for a project that we have at home. In most cases, we have no idea what one type of wire is from the other. Even more, we couldn’t tell the difference from 100-amp wiring and 200-amp wire, let alone the difference between 20-amp and 30-amp wiring. This simple set of facts is enough to make my hair stand up on the back of my neck, fearing the dangers of having an electrical fire at some point.

Maybe it’s just to extend a circuit for an additional outlet or two, or maybe it’s an underground feed to a swimming pool you just added? In any case, the point is that now you’re at the store looking at the wire, which one is the right wire for you? What size wire do I need? Is color important?

Not only are there different types of wiring, both indoor and outdoor wiring, but also underground wiring and specific types, like heat resistant and corrosion-proof wiring. If that isn’t enough to distinguish the differences, there is also copper and aluminum wiring. Each has its own unique wire sizes and ampacity-carrying capabilities.

Although aluminum wiring was used in the past, today’s homes use copper wiring. Aluminum wiring often heated up under load, causing it to become loose in the connections and sometimes caused electrical fires. Those connections already in homes may work forever untouched and not overloaded, but I would advise an electrical upgrade by replacing the wiring to copper.

Wire coloring makes the wires look pretty, right? Well maybe, but the real reason for wire colors is to identify them for their intended uses. The green wire is used for grounding, always! In the past, and I’ve personally seen this while working on an old school project. The “hot” wires, feeding branch circuits, were actually green in color. I was taken aback! Everything I had been taught about wire colors was now a red flag, and caution was the word working on the circuitry.

How to Choose the right electrical wire?

Whenever you shop for electrical wire, you will see that there are numbers of types and sizes from which you have to choose from. So different types of wire are made for different uses, but with any of these wire types knowing the right wire sizes or gauge, is key to making the right choices. Wire gauge refers to the physical size of the wire, rated with numerical designation that runs opposite to the diameter of the conductors . In other words, the smaller the wire gauge number, the larger the wire diameter.

Stranded vs. Solid Wire

One more thing to keep in mind is to select the style of wire that best fits your needs. Some wire is stranded, while other wire consists of a solid copper conductor. In installations using metal conduit, the solid wire doesn’t always pull as easily if the conduit has a large number of bends. But solid wire is usually easier to secure under screw terminals, such as those found on standard switches and receptacles.

Why wire gauge is important?

Incase of overloading wire and overheating them, circuit breakers or fuses gives good protection but they are not much reliable and not  a foolproof protection. Both circuit breakers and fuse are designed to sense current loads to “trip” or “blow” before the wires can overheat up to the danger point.

There is the potential for danger anytime a device or appliance tries to draw more power on a circuit than the wire gauge is rated for. For example, plugging a heater rated for 22 amps into a 16-amp circuit wired with 1.50 sq. mm wire poses a distinct danger.

QUICK TIPS FOR SELECTING THE RIGHT ELECTRICAL WIRE & CABLE | TPC

Can you think of at least one area where you’re replacing electrical wires and cables often? What happens when this cable fails? Unplanned downtime? You’re too busy for that

Why is it failing? Is there a lot of flexing or tension on this particular wire? Is the area known to occasional, or frequent impact? Does your cable come into contact with chemicals or exposure to extreme temperatures?

When choosing the right cable for your problem area, you must first ask yourself why the cable is failing and how often it disrupts production? If your answer is often, it’s time to look for a longer-lasting product. As experts in the industry, we can help you find the right solution for your failing cable.

Here are four tips to consider when choosing the right electrical wires and cables with the most life and reliability for your needs:

If the area you have in mind is experiencing frequent flexing or tension, you’ll want a cable that is finely stranded and has a high durometer like our Trex-Onics C-Flex product.

If you’re looking for a cable that might need to be protected from impact, like getting hit or run over, you’ll want to consider a cable with a thick, reinforced jacket. Our Super-Trex portable cord is lined with 100% fabric serve. Don’t like yellow? They come in black, too.

Do you have harsh chemicals in your plant? You’ll likely want to explore our Chem-Gard 200 TC Rated cable, solution with a specially compounded fluoropolymer jacket and conductor insulation.

If you have extreme temperatures — hot or cold, you’ll want to visit our Thermo-Trex 850, a high-temperature electrical wire for your environment.

Electrical Wire and Cable Buying Guide

First, understand the difference between wire and cable:

A wire is one conductor that carries an electrical current through a circuit.

A cable is a collection of wires sheathed together.

The majority of conductors are copper, which is corrosion resistant and works as a better conductor than aluminum. Aluminum serves as a less expensive and lightweight alternative.

The American Wire Gauge (AWG) system provides the sizing of wires. The higher the number of the gauge, the smaller the size of the wires. The National Electrical Code (NEC) mandates the regulations for wires and cables that can be used for electrical applications.

How to Identify Wires and Cables

Each jacket will have information printed on it to help you choose the correct product for your job. A letter code provides the attributes of the wire, along with material, gauge and voltage rating.

Naming and Taxonomy

The NEC provides a system with letters to quickly identify what a wire’s capabilities are. Some common lettering for wire includes THHN, XHHW, THW, etc.

Skilled Electrician And Electrical Services

Whether you are planning to install a new wiring system in your property or replace the existing one, it’s vital you approach an experienced electrician. They are well aware of the fact that electricity is one of the delicate issues homeowners have to deal with on a daily basis and so they need to install high-quality wiring systems. The wires should be grouped and arranged in such a way which helps in proper distribution of electricity.

With numerous experienced electricians scattered all over Reigate, choosing the best among them is indeed a daunting task. The best you can do if to meet them in person and ask what all they consider before choosing the ideal wiring system for your property. It is vital for the wiring system to be clear as a faulty arrangement can lead to disaster.

Safety

The wires should be specially designed with a focus on protecting the people living on the property where it is being installed. This is because everyone’s safety is the most vital factor to consider. Unless the wires are designed and installed by an experienced electrician, the electrical equipment connected with the wire might also get destroyed. Unless conduit wiring is installed, the risk of causing physical damage to your property through fire hazards and electrocution remains.

Load

The load a wire can carry is generally dependent on its design and specifications. A skilled electrician will make sure that the certain level of voltage load the wiring can handle is not exceeded. The load a wiring can carry is directly related to the diameter of the wire. In other words, the wider the diameter of the wire, the more load it can carry

Durability

Since overheating will not only destroy the wiring but also lead to hazardous accidents, it is a must that you prevent the issue. Even when electric currents are made to pass through the wiring at maximum level, it should not overheat. Electricians enhance the durability of the product by choosing the right cable material, sheathing, and wire material. It should not also be exposed to chemicals, moisture, harsh weather or fumes for a longer period of time.

How To Stop Racoon From Taking Over Your House

Choosing a Raccoon Removal Company

Sometimes the best and easiest way to remove a raccoon or exclude it from your property is to hire a company to do it for you. Wildlife removal companies are not well monitored or licensed, so it is up to you to ask questions about a company’s practices before hiring them.

A good wildlife removal company should:

Provide a customized plan of action and a firm price estimate before you are required to commit

Focus on long-term solutions, such as fixing potential entry points (as opposed to simply removing raccoons)

Guarantee their work (for at least one year)

Know about raccoon behaviour, such as when babies are born and where raccoons are likely to gain entry to a building.

Use only humane live traps (cage traps) or one-way doors to remove animals (rather than leg-hold traps or other harmful capture devices)

Physically check the space for babies, no matter the time of year

Release any live-trapped animals on-site. Never hire a company that moves raccoons to a new location as this is illegal and harmful to the animals. Instead, they should remove raccoons from the den space and seal the hole to prevent return.

Another Look at the “Humane” Alternative

Thousands of raccoons call our city home. Sometimes we don’t think about our wild neighbours until there is a problem: a squabble over who gets the garden vegetables, or an uninvited tenant taking up residence in the roof. While raccoons are only trying to meet their basic food and shelter needs, these conflicts can be very frustrating for homeowners

So why not trap the raccoons and move them somewhere else?

Contrary to popular belief, live-trapping a raccoon and relocating it is not a good way to solve the problem. While trapping may seem like a humane option, it often ends in a death sentence for the animal and leaves your property vulnerable to ongoing wildlife conflicts

There’s no place like home

Many people think that a raccoon can survive anywhere. You may even think that moving a raccoon from an urban backyard to a ravine, park, or forest will help them, since these spaces seem more “natural.” But the truth is, raccoons have specific home ranges where they are adapted to living.

Raccoon Wildlife Pest Control Removal Service

Although they might seem furry and nice, the raccoon can be considered a nuisance animal to families & businesses. Raccoons dig through your garbage cans, can steal fish from your pond and food from your garden, and have public health concerns such as carrying rabies and transmitting diseases to humans and pets. Not only this, but raccoons can also get into your home and make it their own, causing structural damage such as chewed electrical wires and insulation.

Raccoons are not known to be aggressive animals unless they feel threatened. This means curious pets or children could potentially upset a raccoon, making them a dangerous wildlife animal to be dwelling around your property

Continue reading to learn additional information about what attracts raccoons to your yard and control tips on how to effectively manage a raccoon infestation

All N One Pest Eliminators makes it easy to get started with our Racoon Pest Control Removal Services by starting with a Free Wildlife Animal Inspection and Estimate for both Residential & Commercial Customers.

Damage

A raccoon’s main goal is to find food, shelter, and other resources. This means they will tear through anything in order to achieve their goal. Raccoons can cause structural damage to insulation, electrical wiring, wood, walls, and more. They can also rummage through a vegetable garden in search of food. These signs can indicate that a raccoon has invaded your home or yard

How to Get Rid of Raccoons: Removal Methods

Raccoons in the wild may not pose a problem, but when they decide to hang out at your place it can be a different story. These mammals can carry canine distemper, which can be hazardous to unvaccinated dogs, and rabies, which can be transmitted to people or other animals. Moreover, their feces often contain the eggs of Baylisascaris procynis, which is a type of roundworm that can be extremely harmful to people. Getting rid of raccoons and their droppings is not always easy, but there are several methods of raccoon removal that can be employed.

How to get rid of a raccoon

Raccoons are protected under state law in most cases, and are classified as furbearers, meaning a license or permit is required to trap or hunt them. Because of this, how to kill a raccoon legally will vary from state to state, and is a job best left to professionals. As with many types of nuisance animals and pests, the best way to get rid of raccoons is to not invite them in in the first place. Removing their food sources and making your environment less friendly should also encourage any raccoons that are there to move along. The New York State Department of Environmental Conservation recommends the following methods for raccoon control.

How to get rid of raccoon poop

Groups of raccoons pick one spot to be the communal defecation area, often referred to as a raccoon latrine. This can pose a problem if that spot happens to be located in your yard, because of the roundworm eggs often carried in raccoon poop. The roundworm’s effect on people can vary from no symptoms at all to severe issues with the eyes or nervous system. This parasite is primarily contracted when people come into contact with raccoon feces or accidentally ingest water or soil that has been contaminated by it. Raccoon feces have a strong scent, and are usually dark in color and shaped like a tube. Common latrine sites include decks and patios, attics or garages, near the base of trees and large rocks or woodpiles. A Centers for Disease Control factsheet on raccoon latrines advocates these methods for cleanup.

“Take care to avoid contaminating hands and clothes. Wear disposable gloves. Wear rubber boots that can be scrubbed or cover your shoes with disposable booties that can be thrown away, so that you do not bring eggs into your household. Wear a N95-rated respirator (available at local hardware stores) if working in a confined space to prevent accidental ingestion of eggs or other harmful materials. … [Outdoors] Feces and material contaminated with raccoon feces should be removed (using a shovel or inverted plastic bag) and burned, buried, or bagged and placed in the trash to be sent to a landfill. Most chemicals do not kill roundworm eggs, but heat will kill the eggs instantly. Treat feces-soiled decks, patios, and other surfaces with boiling water or a propane torch.** Disinfect hard, smooth surfaces (including shovel blades) with boiling water. To help further reduce the risk of possible infection, wash your hands well with soap and warm running water. Clean/launder your clothes thoroughly using hot water and detergent.”

When prevention fails

If preventative measures do not work, there are a number of traps available for raccoon removal. However, traps often require a permit, and measures must then be taken to release the animals in a safe, unpopulated area. It is usually best to call in a professional when raccoons have invaded your home. Get rid of raccoons the right way – by calling Terminix®. They offer wildlife control plans to help you remove raccoons and keep them out.

Raccoon Removal

Prevent Damage to Your Home

Raccoons are sometimes affectionately known as trash pandas due to their miniature, cute, and panda-like appearance. But don’t be fooled, while they look cute and cuddly, they can be aggressive, dangerous, and tough to get rid of. This is especially true if they have been in your home a while without you knowing. If you discover that you have raccoons lingering around your home or are already established on your property

these are all signs a raccoon has taken up residence in your home, and raccoons are tenants you do not want.

While we may think of raccoons as pests that live in the woods nearby, it’s common for raccoons to live inside houses. Raccoons may be cute, but they can cause thousands of dollars of damage to your home and yard. It’s stunning when you see all the places raccoons can get into. They can ruin insulation, ventilation, and electrical systems and female raccoons will often choose crawl spaces, attics, or chimneys to birth their young.

Hiring an expert in removal is strongly recommended, as these animals are elusive and hard to remove once they are established in a structure.

Raccoons can live 2 to 3 years and are omnivores, meaning they eat both plants and meat so they love getting into our garbage. They are also mammals and will seek warmer environments when it gets cold outside. This is when our homes are most vulnerable to invasion. Soffit runs are the most common entry point. Raccoons can also gain entry through crawl spaces, gable vents, and plumbing voids. Homeowners should have their homes inspected often to help prevent problems like wildlife entry.

RACCOONS

If you own a home or business in New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, or Delaware, protecting it from pests is an important part of maintenance. Some animals like raccoons can be harmful to people and property. Raccoons are dangerous to pets, damaging to buildings, and they can injure humans or make them sick by exposure to feces, urine, or saliva or by raccoon scratches and bites. To protect your home or business from raccoons, you need to learn about the behavior of this pest, take steps for prevention, and find effective treatment options should an infestation occur.

What Are Raccoons?

Raccoons are medium-sized nocturnal mammals known for their dexterous front paws and mask-like eye coloring. Raccoons originate mostly from forests but have adapted to other natural habitats and urban areas, such as near homes and businesses in Maryland, New Jersey, Delaware, and Pennsylvania. These pests are known to invade garbage, steal pet food, and even make nests inside attics. Wildlife control experts explain raccoons are considered a rabies-vector species because they can carry and spread rabies, so it’s especially important to protect your pets, family, employees, and customers from them.

How Do I Identify Raccoons?

Raccoons are easy to identify by their black eye coloring. These animals are bigger than common house cats and about the size of small to medium-sized dogs. Their fur is grayish and consists largely of a thick undercoat. Raccoons have long tails that are often striped with dark rings.

How Do I Get Raccoons?

In New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Delaware, raccoons are common. Sometimes they live in the wilderness and are driven toward urban areas in the winter. The wildlife control experts at Viking Pest explain raccoons look for food sources and may also look to your home or business for shelter or a place to bear young. The shelter that they may seek in your home or building could include an attic, wall, chimney, or crawl space.

What Are the Effects of Raccoons in and Around My Home or Business?

Raccoons can be quite a nuisance around your home or place of business. Not only do they raid and tip over trash cans, but raccoons also eat pet food and pose a major threat to pets like cats and small dogs. Wildlife control experts explain females may tear apart shingles or vents to get inside, and once inside, they can make nests by shredding up insulation, wiring, and other critical building components. Both males and females carry a host of parasites and other diseases, including rabies. These pests eat almost anything, so raccoons may even damage vegetable crops or fruit trees.